Association of American State Geologists (AASG) have put together a clickable map that allows you to locate the website hosting the geological survey of your state.
Most of these state websites will have links to "Educational Resources" or "Publications" which could be worth exploring further. Some of the educational resources may be aimed at K-12 but others will be appropriate for the educated layperson.
USGS maintains a website called Science in Your Backyard which provides updated regional information on a variety of topics. Depending on your topic, this site may be useful to you. They also have a page on general science topics and one devoted to discussing Geologic Maps and Mapping.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration's website is a great place to find energy maps, facts and data for each state in the nation.
The Marine Geoscience Data System's GeoMapApp is an earth science exploration and visualization application. It provides direct access to the Global Multi-Resolution Topography compilation that hosts high resolution bathymetry from multibeam data for ocean areas and ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) and NED (National Elevation Dataset) topography datasets for the global land masses.
How Much Warmer is Your City? from BBC News visually documents how the temperature in 1,000 major cities across the world has changed already and how much it could increase by in the coming years.
Climate Central's Surging Seas offers information about global warming-induced sea level rise risk for global cities.
Compare Your Country by OECD provides environmental, economic, and other data on OECD and G20 countries, with the ability to compare country data visually.
Data-Planet Statistical Datasets Data Planet includes mostly US, but some international statistics on economic and social indicators, with built-in tools for creating charts and maps. Also includes environmental topics.
Google Earth Engine Timelapse is a global, zoomable video that lets you see how the Earth has changed over the past 32 years.
MeteoEarth Interactive 3D globe brings weather to life.