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Waidner-Spahr Library

Citing Sources: ASA


When writing a citation in the ASA style, pay particular attention to italics, punctuation, indentation, and capitalization. With the ASA Style, quotations and borrowed phrases are indicated as such within the text, with the author's name and page number cited in parentheses. This variation is used instead of footnotes or endnotes.

Many more samples of citations presented in the ASA style can be found in the American Sociological Association Style Guide. Please consult this book or a librarian for help with unusual resources.

All of the following samples are taken from:


American Sociological Association. 1996. American Sociological Association Style Guide. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. (Sample of book with edition specified.)


Book with more than One Author:

Berlin, Gorden and Andrew Sum. 1988. Toward a More Perfect Union: Basic Skills, Poor Families, and Our Economic Future. New York: Ford Foundation.


Note: Italicize the title of the book and capitalize all important words in titles. Indentation is important, as is the order of the authors' names.


Book with an Editor:

Koshar, Rudy, ed. 1990. Splintered Classes. New York: Holmes and Meier.


Book Chapter:

Montez, Jennifer K., and Mark D. Hayward. 2011. "Early Life Conditions and Later Life Mortality." Pp. 187-206 in International Handbook of Adult Mortality, edited by R. G. Rogers and E. Crimmins. New York: Springer Publishers.


Scholarly Article:

Goodman, Leo A. 1947. "The Analysis of Systems of Qualitative Variables When Some of the Variables Are Unobservable. Par I - A Modified Latent Structure Approach." American Journal of  Sociology 79(4): 1179-259.


Note: Article titles are set off with "quotation marks" and the title of the journal should be italicized. This sample includse a volume number (79) and an issue number (4). Note that there is no period after the title of the journal.


Newspaper Article:

Guiles, Melinda and Krystal Miller. 1990. "Mazda and Mitsubishi-Chrysler Venture Cut Output, Following Big Three's Lead." Wall Street Journal. January 12, pp. A2, A12.


Note: Italicized the title of the newspaper.



American Sociological Association. 2000. "Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Workshop." Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association, Retrieved May 5, 2000 (


Note: No italics.


Judge, Mike. 1999. Office Space. DVD. Beverly Hills, CA: Twentieth Century Fox. 


Note: Mike Judge is the director. The director's name goes before the date and title, with last name first.

Citing in ASA (American Sociological Association) Style

General Information

  • The ASA citation style is typically used by Sociology.
  • Current copies of the American Sociological Association Style Guide can be found on RESERVE.
  • Remember that your list of resources should be presented in alphabetical order by author's last name.

American Sociological Association Style Guide

Online Resources

Samples of papers written using the ASA style can be found at the following website:

ASA Format Guide Samples from California State University Library based on 1997 ASA Style Guide.


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