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Waidner-Spahr Library

Sociology: ASA Citation

Citation Guides

Citing in ASA (American Sociological Association) Style

General information about citing in ASA:

  • The ASA citation style is typically used by Sociology.
  • Current copies of the American Sociological Association Style Guide can be found on RESERVE at: HM73. A54 2007.
  • Remember that your list of resources should be presented in alphabetical order by author's last name.



When writing a citation in the ASA style, pay particular attention to italics, punctuation, indentation, and capitalization. With the ASA Style, quotations and borrowed phrases are indicated as such within the text, with the author's name and page number cited in parentheses. This variation is used instead of footnotes or endnotes.

Many more samples of citations presented in the ASA style can be found in the American Sociological Association Style Guide. Please consult this book or a librarian for help with unusual resources.

All of the following samples are taken from:

American Sociological Association. 1996. American Sociological Association Style Guide. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. (Sample of book with edition specified.)


Book with more than one author

Note: italicize the title of the book and capitalize all important words in titles. Indentation is important, as is the order of the authors names.

Berlin, Gorden and Andrew Sum. 1988. Toward a More Perfect Union: Basic Skills, Poor Families, and
Our Economic Future. New York: Ford Foundation.


Book with an editor

Koshar, Rudy, ed. 1990. Splintered Classes. New York: Holmes and Meier.


Scholarly article

Note: Article titles are set off with "quotation marks" and italicize the title of the journal. This sample includes a volume number (79) and an issue number (4). Note that there is no period after the title of the journal.

Goodman, Leo A. 1947. "The Analysis of Systmes of Qualitative Variables When Some of the Variables
Are Unobservable. Par I - A Modified Latent Structure Approach." American Journal of Sociology 79
(4): 1179-259.


Newspaper article

Note: Italicize the title of the newspaper.

Guiles, Melinda and Krystal Miller. 1990. "Mazda and Mitsubishi-Chrysler Venture Cut Output, Following
Big Three's Lead." Wall Street Journal. January 12, pp. A2, A12.



Note: No italics.

American Sociological Association. 2000. "Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Workshop."
Washington, DC: American Sociological Association, Retrieved May 5, 2000 (


Online Resources:

Samples of papers written using the ASA style can be found at the following websites:

Quick Style Guide for Students Writing Sociology Papers based on 1997 ASA Style Guide.

ASA Format Guide Samples from California State University Library based on 1997 ASA Style Guide.